⚠️Logical Fallacies, Science & Social Media⚠️
Science communication online mostly focuses on WHAT topics to discuss, not necessarily HOW to discuss them. I have come across many Instagram posts that are riddled with logical fallacies i.e. errors in reasoning or invalid arguments. How we discuss scientific ideas and controversial topics is important - we should place a greater emphasis on the manner in which an opinion is argued rather than what the opinion is. Below are some logical fallacies you may have come across on social media (and should strive to avoid):
1️⃣Ad hominem. To put it simply, an ad hominem fallacy is an insult (or “name-calling”) - in this case, slander is used as if it was in itself a valid argument🤬Instead of attacking a person’s idea, the person is attacked for their character, how they look etc. How many times have you seen a person’s argument ignored and instead the person was called a “-ist” of some sort? Name-calling isn’t a valid argument.
2️⃣Argumentum ad passiones or the “appeal to emotions”😭 This fallacy distracts from the argument by appealing to emotions. E.g. “that’s offensive” as a rebuttal to an argument is commonplace on social media, but it is not a valid argument - emotions and feelings have nothing to do with the factuality of a particular idea/opinion. It isn’t surprising to recognize that emotions do influence persuasion; in fact it’s important to note that ideological propaganda typically spreads through the use of this fallacy.
3️⃣Ad populum 👨👩👧👦 or the “bandwagon fallacy”. This fallacy assumes that an idea should be accepted/rejected based on how popular it is; the opinion of the majority is always correct. Ideas spread like 🔥 on social media, and many people fail to do their own research into a particular topic. A gentle warning to those who rely on others to formulate their own opinions: “Don’t take refuge in the false security of consensus” - C Hitchens.
Have you come across these fallacies when arguing with others? What other logical fallacies exist? What are your thoughts on how people share their ideas on social media? 💡
To cap off my first full week working at UPenn, I had the privilege of spending the day speaking to young black girls at the STEM conference put together by the national coalition of 100 black women, south jersey chapter. The best part of it was being able to not only speak but run a little experiment showing what researchers in my field actually do! 👩🏾🔬👩🏾🔬 the most fulfilling part of my career is being able to share all the knowledge I’ve gained with the generation coming after me. 🤗🤗 thanks @drmagdalachery for the invite!! 😘😘and shout out to the young lady that caught this angleee😂😂😂💃🏾💃🏾
We love seeing our brilliant faculty, students, & alumni engaged in their professional associations & sustaining lifelong relationships! Thanks for a wonderful time @NATA1950! See you at ATEC 2020! #AT#RMUoHP#PhD#DSc
Congratulations to my partner in crime who's always down for an adventure with me!! Lauren passed her dissertation defense today!! #PhD#DrGutgesell@lmgutgesell You're amazing!!
0010 minutes ago
🚨New Blog Post!!!! Imposter Syndrome and my Reality...🚨
Imposter Syndrome is so real and I’ve been dealing with it since my teens up to my PhD program. If you’re struggling, hopefully it brings you a piece of mind to know you’re not alone.
0111 minutes ago
Name: Dr. Harvin 👨🏾🏫
Position: Faculty advisor 👨🏾💼
Hometown: Jacksonville, Florida🌞🌴
Favorite color: blue 🥏
Major: accounting 📚
Interesting fact: special agent at one point 👮🏽♂️🕵🏽♂️
Favorite thing about being an accounting major: all the opportunity it allows for a person! 😁 #facultyadvisor#professor#phd#phdaccountancy#phdaccounting#shsu#acfe
DerMAGs BB Cushion SPF50 PA+++ DerMAGs BB Cushion SPF50 PA+++ adalah bedak asas kusyen yang mampu untuk memberikan perlindungan secara total dari sinaran UV selain meningkatkan keserian wajah secara semulajadi. ✅Bertindak sebagai bedak asas perlindungan wajah
✅Mencerahkan dan melembapkan wajah
✅Menutup cela, parut, jeragat, dan jerawat pada wajah
✅Membantu menganjalkan dan meremajakan kulit wajah
✅Melindungi kulit wajah secara total dari sinaran UV berbahaya
✅Membantu menjadikan muka bebas cela dan tidak berminyak
✅Membantu menaikkan keserian wajah secara semuladi
¡Esperando a que llegue el sabado!
La noche de estrellas será una noche inolvidable, y mi primer evento de muchos con la organización #PHD
¡Y este equipo sigue creciendo!
Si quieres formar parte de esta gran industria del bienestar, mandame un mensaje ;)
What I thought was a first didn’t even begin to describe what we experienced! The snow got so bad that we got stuck on a dirt road and had to backtrack and make our way slowly to St.George to spend the night. This was what the morning welcomed. About 4 inches of snow! I have never seen anything quite like it. It makes me excited to see what differences we may have on our experimental plots because of it #nerd#scientist#phd#byugradstudies#ecology#joshuatree#mojavedesert